Case of Mesothelioma In the United States
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(Last Update : 21 November 2020)
The case of Mesothelioma is a case that is quite common in mining or industrial environments and the most common age is 40-50 years with a peak age of 70 years. In the United States the incidence of mesothelioma cases is found in many men compared to women with an incidence of 15 cases per million. Diagnosis of mesothelioma is not easy, because the course of the disease is long so that the characteristics of radiological lesions both plain radiographs and CT thoracic scans are very important to diagnose this case early.
The mesothelioma is a mass of malignant in pleural, characterized by the pleural thickening that is radiologically difficult to be distinguished from other pleural diseases. The thickening of pleural can be focal and diffuse which is malignant or benign depending on the cause. The mesothelioma is diffuse thickening of the pleural which dissemina-ting in the hemithorax and is malignant and unilateral.
The differential diagnosis of mesothelioma is a thickening of the diffuse benign pleural caused by infection, namely empyema and tuberculosis. In the chest x ray, pleural is non-visualized organ and it becomes visualized when there is thickening. The presence of pleural thickening is commonly in parietal pleural or visceral pleural which can be benign or malignant, and it can be classified based on its morphology, i.e. focal, diffuse and nodular. Mesothelioma is a malignant mass in pleural which is the thin tissue lining that covering the lung, chest wall, cardiac and testis.
- Majdawati, A. (2018). The Radiology Characteristic of Pleural Thickening Lesion: Mesothelioma Compared to the Other Pleural Diseases. Mutiara Medika: Jurnal Kedokteran dan Kesehatan, 18(2), 71-76. (LINK)active link as of November 21, 2020